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TIME LINE 1870-1879

PROMOTING THE FUTURE OF CHECKERS AND DRAUGHTS, BY GLORIFYING ITS PAST !!

MORE TO COME !!

1870

2/19  REID VS MCINDOE 5-1-3 DRAWS at GLASGOW, SCOTLAND.

APRIL   IN BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, DAVID KIRKWOOD ("DENNY") GAVE A LECTURE ON THE GAME OF DRAUGHTS , FOLLOWED BY AN EXHIBITION OF BLINDFOLD PLAY.

7/19  A NEWSPAPER COLUMN ENTITLED "THE GAME OF DRAUGHTS"  WAS STARTED IN THE ST CLAIR REPUBLICAN, MICHIGAN, EDITED BY R. B. ROSS. IT RAN WEEKLY UNTIL 14 NOV. 1871.

8/15-9/21    AMERICAN MATCH CHAMPIONSHIP.

AT THIS TIME THERE WERE NO NATIONAL TOURNAMENTS TO DETERMINE THE CHAMPIONSHIP.

DR. ISAAC CLUTE OF NEW YORK CLAIMED THE TITLE AND WAS WILLING TO DEFEND IT IN A STAKE MATCH. MCINDOE, NEWLY ARRIVED FROM GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, TOOK UP THE CHALLENGE.

DR. ISAAC CLUTE VS. J. BROWN MACINDOE   3-2-27 DRAWS at NEW YORK FOR $50.

TERMS WERE THE FIRST TO OBTAIN 3 WINS. 

CLUTE RETAINS TITLE.

 

 

 

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1871

2/20-3/2  AMERICAN MATCH CHAMPIONSHIP.

J. BROWN MACINDOE VS DR. ISAAC CLUTE 3-1-24 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

TERMS WERE THE FIRST TO OBTAIN 3 WINS, UNRESTRICTED OPENINGS, FOR A STAKE OF $200 (EQUIVALENT TO $4,000 IN 2010).

MACINDOE, A SCOTSMAN RESIDENT IN NEW YORK, WINS TITLE. GAMES PUBLISHED IN CANADIAN CHECKER PLAYER , VOL. 4, NO. 9, SEPT. 1910 AND SUBSEQUENT ISSUES.

3/15-18  FIRST MICHIGAN STATE TOURNAMENT at DETROIT. 10 ENTRANTS.

DR. L. R. ALDERMAN WINS TITLE.

THE CHAMPIONSHIP PRIZE WAS A BOARD INLAID WITH ROSEWOOD AND MAPLE, AND BORDERED WITH SILVER, WITH A SET OF IVORY MEN.

AT THE TOURNEY MEETING IT WAS RESOLVED TO FORM A MICHIGAN STATE DRAUGHTS ASSOCIATION.

MAR.   LOUISIANA CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH

F. G. FISK BEAT ANTHONY HAAS  9-0-1 DRAW at NEW ORLEANS.

FISK WINS TITLE.

APR.  MATCH FOR CHAMPIONSHIP OF SOUTHERN STATES.

F. G. FISK BEAT A. DELL 3-1-10 DRAWS.

FISK WINS TITLE.

MAY   THERE WAS A MOVEMENT TO ESTABLISH A DRAUGHTS CONGRESS, WITH DRAUGHTS EDITORS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD TO CONTACT THE EDITOR OF "THE DRAUGHT BOARD".

8/12  MICHIGAN CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH.

DR. L. R. ALDERMAN BEAT I. CARRIER 7-2-3 DRAWS at DETROIT.

ALDERMAN RETAINS TITLE.

WILLIAM BRYDEN'S FIRST MATCH, VS GEORGE STRATTON 7-5-7 DRAWS at GLASGOW, SCOTLAND.

 

 

 

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1872

7/10-8/6 STAKE MATCH  72 GAMES AT  5 PER GAME. 

JAMES WYLLIE VS. ROBERT MARTINS  4-3-65 at LEEDS AND NEWCASTLE-ON-TYNE. THEIR FIFTH MATCH.

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JAMES WYLLIE VS BARKER WOOLHOUSE  3-1-26 DRAWS at LONDON.

JAMES WYLLIE VS GEORGE JEWITT 7-0-11DRAWS.

8/16  IN ENGLAND THE NEWCASTLE WEEKLY CHRONICLE INCLUDED ITS FIRST DRAUGHTS COLUMN, WHICH CONTINUED FOR OVER 60 YEARS.

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1873

6/6  THE FIRST MENTION OF ROBERT YATES IS MADE IN AN ARTICLE IN THE "TURF, FIELD AND FARM". AT THE AGE OF 15 HE HAD ALREADY BEATEN SOME OF THE TOP NEW YORK PLAYERS. 

10/27 JAMES WYLLIE ARRIVES IN NEW YORK, BEGINNING HIS FIRST TOUR OF NORTH AMERICA, LASTING THREE YEARS.

OCT.  JAMES WYLLIE VS. ROBERT YATES 1-0-3 DRAWS aT NEW YORK.

OCT.  JAMES WYLLIE VS ROBERT YATES 5-1-3 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

NOV.  JAMES WYLLIE VS. CHARLES F. BARKER 10-3-7 DRAWS at BOSTON.

12/10-   WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH PLUS $200.00 STAKE.

JAMES WYLLIE VS. W.R. BARKER 10-1-31 DRAWS at BOSTON. 

WYLLIE RETAINS TITLE. GAMES PUBLISHED IN "GOULD'S HISTORIC AND MEMORABLE MATCHES".

1ST INTERCITY MATCH BETWEEN EDINBURGH AND GLASGOW, SCOTLAND.  EDINBURGH WON 11-7-18 DRAWS. (6-A-SIDE)

JAMES WYLLIE VS. W.H. BROUGHTON at PORTLAND, MAINE, US.

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IMAGE FROM STEARNS BOOK OF PORTRAITS VOL. 1
This picture, I think, is a rarity, because I haven't seen another of him in actual play against an opponent, apart from the well-known one of him and Martins in old age, "The Last Battle".
CHRIS REEKIE
 
 
 
 
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1874

3/3-10   WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH PLUS $100.00 STAKE.

JAMES WYLLIE VS.W.R. BARKER 3-1-46 DRAWS at BOSTON 

WYLLIE RETAINS TITLE .

GAMES PUBLISHED IN "GOULD'S HISTORIC AND MEMORABLE MATCHES".

APRIL   R. D. YATES VS. S. T. ALLEN 38-12-50 at  NEW YORK.

OCT  R. D. YATES  VS. S.T. ALLEN 33-8-59 at NEW YORK.

FORMATION OF NOTTINGHAM MECHANICS' INSTITUTE CHESS AND DRAUGHTS CLUB IN ENGLAND.

 

 

 

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1875

JANUARY   ROBERT YATES VS W.H. BROUGHTON 10-9-14 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

JANUARY  W.H. BROUGHTON VS W.H BURR 14-7-15 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

JANUARY  W.H. BROUGHTON VS BROWN  11-3-19 DRAWS at  NEW YORK.

FEBRUARY  R.D. YATES VS. S.T. ALLEN 16-4-30 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

3/6  REID VS ROBERT MARTINS at KILMARNOCK, SCOTLAND  0-0-5 DRAWS.

8/6 W.R.BARKER VS. R. YATES 5-1-41 DRAWS at NEW YORK

AUGUST  R.D. YATES VS. C. F. BARKER 6-0-3 DRAWS at NEW YORK 

AUGUST  R.D. YATES VS. M. PRIEST 7-0-11 DRAWS at NEW YORK 

1st CORNWALL CHAMPIONSHIP TOURNEY.

J. ROBERTS WINS TITLE.

DECEMBER  ROBERT YATES VS W. H. BROUGHTON 3-3-4 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

 

 

 

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1876

JAN   W.H. BROUGHTON VS ROBERT YATES  3-1-4 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

JAN  "NEW ENGLAND CHECKER PLAYER" FIRST ISSUED.

MARCH   EXHIBITION MATCH

ROBERT YATES VS. JAMES WYLLIE 2-0-22 at NEW YORK

CLARENCE FREEMAN MAKES HIS FIRST APPEARANCE, WINNING THE PROVIDENCE CITY CHAMPIONSHIP

APRIL   EXHIBITION MATCH

ROBERT YATES VS. JAMES WYLLIE 5-1-20 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

APRIL  J. SMITH VS C. HORSFIELD 5-1-3 DRAWS at LEEDS AND BRADFORD, ENGLAND.

2nd CORNWALL CHAMPIONSHIP TOURNEY.

HENRY TONKIN WINS TITLE.

GEORGE PRICE VS CHRISTOPHER ADAMSON  2-1-2 DRAWS.

CHRISTOPHER ADAMSON VS JAMES TONAR 2-0-4 DRAWS.

5/10-20 JAMES WYLLIE VS. WILLIAM R. BARKER.  TERMS OF $10.00 ON EACH WON GAME 5-0-26 DRAWS at BOSTON, MASS

JULY   ROBERT MARTINS ARRIVES IN AMERICA AND BEGINS A TOUR.

8/17-9/1  WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH

ROBERT YATES VS. JAMES WYLLIE  2-1-47 DRAWS at BROOKLYN, NY.

YATES, AGED 18,  WINS WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP.

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IMAGE FROM RD YATES CHECKER PLAYER BOOK

SEPT.  JAMES WYLLIE LEAVES THE USA  AFTER A TOUR OF THE US AND CANADA LASTING 3 YEARS. HE PLAYED ABOUT 12,000 GAMES, WINNING OVER 11,000, LOSING ABOUT 50 AND DRAWING THE REST.
SEPT. ROBERT YATES VS R.E. BOWEN  8-2-2 DRAWS.

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1877

JUNE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH

ROBERT D. YATES VS. ROBERT MARTINS 3-1-45 DRAWS at NEW YORK.

YATES RETAINS TITLE.

THIS WAS THE ONLY DEFENSE OF THE TITLE THAT YATES WON FROM JAMES WYLLIE THE PREVIOUS YEAR, AS HE LATER RETIRED UNDEFEATED TO FOCUS ON HIS CAREER AS A DOCTOR. 

DECEMBER  NON-TITLE MATCH

ROBERT D.YATES VS. WILLIAM R. BARKER 3-1-6 DRAWS at BOSTON.

DATE???  3rd CORNWALL CHAMPIONSHIP TOURNEY. 

HENRY TONKIN RETAINS TITLE.  

DATE???   FORMER WORLD CHAMPION ROBERT MARTINS VISITS CINCINNATI, OHIO, WHERE HE HAS A SITTING WITH HENRY HUTZLER, REGARDED AS THE BEST IN THE STATE AT THAT TIME. SELECT GAMES PUBLISHED IN NORTH AMERICAN CHECKER BOARD MAY 1899. 

 

 

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1878

JAN  "ENGLISH DRAUGHT PLAYER" FIRST ISSUED.

2/14 IN CANADA THE TORONTO DRAUGHTS CLUB IS ORGANISED.

3/12  J. BIRKENSHAW VS WILLIAM STRICKLAND  3-2-5 DRAWS at LEEDS  (FOR 10).

3/29 AS REPORTED IN THE CHECKER COLUMN OF THE "TURF, FIELD AND FARM", R.D. YATES RETIRES AS WORLD CHAMPION. AS SUCH, THE PROPOSED REMATCH BETWEEN YATES AND JAMES WYLIIE IS CANCELLED, AND THE WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP REVERTS TO  WYLLIE.

5/18-23  JAMES  REED VS. CHARLES HEFTER 11-10-29 DRAWS at CHICAGO, IL, US, FOR $200 (EQUIVALENT TO $4,000 IN 2010).

AMERICAN  CHAMPIONSHIP MATCH. 

CHARLES FRANCIS BARKER VS MATTY PRIEST  9-2-31 DRAWS at BOSTON, MA.

BARKER WINS TITLE.

JUNE  CANADIAN MATCH CHAMPIONSHIP.

JAMES M. DYKES VS. JAMES LABADIE  3-1-45 DRAWS at LONDON, ONTARIO.

DYKES WINS TITLE.

SEPTEMBER  MATTY C. PRIEST VS JAMES P. REED  15-5-22 DRAWS at WILMINGTON, DE. FOR $400.

OCTOBER   JAMES P. REED VS MATTY C. PRIEST 12-6-27 DRAWS at PITTSBURGH, PA.

E. LORD PLAYED ABOUT 6 SIMULTANEOUS BLINDFOLD GAMES IN BIRMINGHAM,  ENGLAND.

 

 

 

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1879

FOUNDING OF LANARKSHIRE DRAUGHTS ASSOCIATION  IN SCOTLAND - THE FIRST OF ITS KIND.

FIRST LANARKSHIRE CHAMPIONSHIP TOURNEY WON BY WILLIAM BRYDEN.

CHAMPIONSHIP OF WEST OF SCOTLAND.

WILLIAM BRYDEN VS STEELE 4-0-11 DRAWS at GLASGOW.

 

 

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